Taxes can influence the stock market in many different ways. It’s important to understand the impact of investments on income taxes, as well as how it affects the future of a stock investment.

When it comes to investing for retirement, the tax policies can differ. A Qualified Retirement Account allows for investments without taxing. That means the account can continue to grow without any tax deduction up until retirement. As for a Regular Qualified Account, you can invest in the account without including it in income tax, meaning it lowers taxes. After retirement, income tax is necessary regardless of the account. 

An unqualified stock investment account, which means it does not qualify for tax-exemption, has different rules. Taxes on unqualified stocks vary depending on dividends and whether one sells the stock. 

Dividends are a result of surplus profits, a result of stock growth. Many times, one can sell or give these extra profits to shareholders – others with a share of the stock. This usually applies to a company’s stocks. With dividends, the stock requires income tax payments, which tends to be a 15% rate. If selling, the tax policy gets more complicated. Depending on how long you have had the stock, you will pay different tax rates. 

For instance, if a year has not passed since opening the stock, it’s necessary to pay income taxes on the gain, sometimes more than the 15% convention. If more than a year has passed, any gains from selling the stock are taxed at long-term capital gains rates. In other words, you will pay taxes for any growth since the initial investment. Capital gains essentially describe this growth or the profits won from selling the stock, all of which are taxable. 

As for selling the stock for a loss or receiving less profit than the initial amount, it may be possible to receive a capital loss. A capital loss is when a stock’s value falls compared to the original value, usually after the transaction has occurred. When one’s overall capital losses override capital gains, they can add a tax deduction based on the difference in the tax return. 

Various tax policies can affect stocks differently. This is especially true depending on the type of stock investment, as well as the length of time, profit made after selling it, and other factors. As always, consulting a tax professional is best for individual inquiries.